The Northern Region is bordered on the north by the Upper West region and the Upper East region, on the east by the eastern Ghana-Togo international border, on the south by the Black Volta River and the Volta region, and on the north-west by the Upper West region and Burkina Faso, and on the west by the western Ghana-Ivory Coast international border. Northern region is the largest region in total area, and is made up of 20 districts.
The Northern Region is much drier than southern areas of Ghana, due to its proximity to the Sahel, and the Sahara. The vegetation consists predominantly of grassland, especially savanna with clusters of drought-resistant trees such as baobabs or acacias. Between January and March is the dry season. The wet season is between about July and December with an average annual rainfall of 750 to 1050 mm (30 to 40 inches). The highest temperatures are reached at the end of the dry season, the lowest in December and January. However, the hot Harmattan wind from the Sahara blows frequently between December and the beginning of February. The temperatures can vary between 14 °C (59 °F) at night and 40 °C (104 °F) during the day.
Now that you have an idea about the northern region of Ghana let me hold you by the hand and show the best tourist attraction areas you must visit.
THE MOLE NATIONAL PARK
Arguably the best tourist site in the whole of Ghana, the Mole national park serves as a home to 90 different species of animals including Elephant, buffalo, kob, warthog, waterbuck, bushbuck, roan antelope, hartebeest, duikers, oribi, patas monkey ans so many more.
The park is an important water catchment area with smaller water streams and other rivers pouring their water in the White Volta. Polzen is one of the rivers in the park with spectacular falls downstream. There are an estimated 742 species of plants and trees in the park of which 4 are endemic species and more than 20 are classified as rare species.
Mole is accessible by public transport from Tamale. Once at the park, the only accommodation is available at The Mole Motel. The park entrance gate is about 4km north of the turn-off in Larabanga. The park headquarters and the motel are a further 2km into the park. Guided walks are offered twice daily, at 6.30am and 3.30pm. You are not permitted to walk (or drive) in the park unless you’re accompanied by an armed ranger. It is best to take provisions with you or buy food at the hotel as facilities at the park are very basic.
LARABANGA (Mecca of West Africa)
Larabanga is a village in West Gonja district, a district in north western Northern Region of Ghana. The village is known for its whitewashed, adobe Sahelian mosque, said to date from 1421. It was at the height of the trans-Saharan trade. It is reputed to be Ghana’s oldest mosque and houses a copy of the Qur’an almost as old.
The village is also known for its Mystic Stone, for its patterned vernacular architecture and as the entrance to the Mole National Park.
History has it that during the British times, in Ghana there was a road that was laid near the Larabanga Mosque, a stone was removed during the process to make way for the road. The next day, the stone was found again on the same place it was displaced from. The stone was again removed from the way and the same thing happened the next day. Later, the officials decided to build the road around the stone and it became the mystic stone.
Those this is a toruist attraction venue, all non muslims are not allowed to enter the mosque so you can only take pictures from the outside.
THE MYSTIC STONE
One cannot visit the larabanga mosque and ignore the mysterious and powerful mystic stone in larabanga. The mystic stone is believed to possess supernatural powers that can heal or cure any type of disease when touched . it is believed that when removed and sent to the farthest place it will still come back to its original place.
Bugum Chugu (Fire) Festival
Though this is not a particular place to visit but if you are lucky and its that time of the season of festivities then attending this festival will surely be an experience you will never forget. According to the stories about Bugum festival, the king’s son got lost and was believed to be stolen by a tree so when they found him under the tree sleeping they took him and burnt the tree in an attempt to shame it.
The community at that time had already regarded that particular tree as an evil tree and many feared it so when they burnt it down they became happy and practiced it every year until date .